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HIV / AIDS

CDC Surveillance Report Shows Small Decline in HIV Diagnosis, but Disparities Persist

While the overall number of new HIV infections remains stable, the rate of diagnosis appears to be decreasing, according to the latest HIV Surveillance Report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which includes data through the end of 2012. Black and Latino people, men who have sex with men, and young people continue to be disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

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UNAIDS: HIV Epidemic Will Spring Back without Near-Universal Diagnosis and Treatment

Adopting "fast-track" targets could avert more than 28 million new HIV infections and prevent 21 million AIDS-related deaths by 2030, according to this year's UNAIDS World AIDS Day Report. However, if the response is not rapidly scaled-up over the next 5 years to achieve near-universal diagnosis and treatment, the epidemic is likely to "spring back" with an even higher rate of new HIV infections than today, the report warns.

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Triple Antiretroviral Therapy Best for Preventing Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission

A 3-drug regimen containing lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra) plus 2 nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) was more effective at preventing perinatal HIV transmission than taking a single drug during pregnancy, another during labor, and 2 more after delivery, according to findings from the PROMISE study.

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December 1 Is World AIDS Day

Monday, December 1, is the 26th World AIDS Day, an opportunity both to remember the millions of people who have been lost to the epidemic and to raise awareness and focus efforts on ongoing challenges such as gaps in HIV prevention and care. An estimated 1.2 million people in the U.S. and 35 million worldwide are now living with HIV/AIDS, according to the CDC.

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HIV R4P: Positive Response to Gift Tokens for Undetectable Viral Load Trial

A U.S. study presented at last month’s HIV Research for Prevention conference found generally positive responses among people with HIV and clinic staff to a trial that used $70 gift tokens as an incentive for people to maintain an undetectable viral load. However, the study found that only just under half of patients had an accurate understanding of what viral load was, and that this did not improve during the study.

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PLoS Publishes Free Special Collection on HIV Care and Prevention for Sex Workers

PLoS, publisher of open-access research, has announced a special collection of articles on the health of female sex workers, focusing on delivery and scale-up of HIV care and prevention interventions. UNAIDS and other organizations have recognized sex workers as of the key affected populations in the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

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Delaying Treatment More than 12 Months after HIV Infection Reduces CD4 Cell Recovery

People with HIV who start antiretroviral therapy (ART) more than a year after seroconversion have a lower likelihood of regaining normal CD4 T-cell counts, researchers reported in the November 24 online edition of JAMA Internal Medicine. "If full restoration of immunologic and clinical health is our goal, then the present study tells us that the best chance we have is to start antiretroviral therapy within 12 months of infection," according to an accompanying editorial.

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