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AIDS 2014: HIV Prevention for Gay Men Differs Between San Francisco and London

A study presented at the 20th International AIDS Conference last month in Melbourne compared HIV epidemics among gay and bisexual men in San Francisco and London, confirming that while HIV incidence in San Francisco was falling, it was static and even rising in London. HIV is increasing among gay men in London because of a lack of testing, the research suggests, while testing is enabling more disclosure and effective serosorting in San Francisco.

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AIDS 2014: Increased ART for Mothers Does Not Guarantee Optimal Care for Infants

The significant increase in access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all pregnant women living with HIV in Malawi after implementation of Option B+ contrasts with low coverage of early diagnosis and uptake of cotrimoxazole prophylaxis for HIV-exposed infants, Priscilla Idele of UNICEF reported at the 20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014) last month in Melbourne.

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AIDS 2014: COPD Is Common Among People with HIV Even At High CD4 Counts

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not uncommon among HIV positive adults with CD4 counts above 500 cells/mm3 -- that is, even fairly early in the course of infection -- according to the first findings from a pulmonary substudy of the large international Strategic Timing of Antiretroviral Treatment (START) trial, presented At the 20th International AIDS Conference last month in Melbourne. Among the nearly 1000 participants with good quality spirometry (pulmonary function) tests, the overall COPD prevalence was 6.8%, but there was considerable variation across regions.

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AIDS 2014: What Is Needed to "Step Up the Pace" on HIV Prevention and Treatment?

"Stepping up the pace" -- the theme of AIDS 2014 -- will require a new focus on key populations and geographical concentrations of HIV, as well as intensified efforts to expand coverage of HIV testing and treatment, according to Prof. Salim Abdool Karim, director of CAPRISA, who reviewed the global state of the epidemic and treatment access at the 20th International AIDS Conference held recently in Melbourne.

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AIDS 2014: People with HIV -- Not Victims But Partners [VIDEO]

Recalling the Denver Principles -- the 1983 declaration of the self-empowerment of people with HIV/AIDS -- John Manwaring, a young gay man living with HIV, spoke at the 20th International AIDS Conference last month in Melbourne about the need for HIV positive people to be full partners in efforts to expand HIV awareness, prevention, and treatment.

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AIDS 2014: Studies Show Need for Scaled-up HIV Prevention for Sex Workers

Presentations at a session on HIV prevention strategies for sex workers, which took place at the 20th International AIDS Conference last month in Melbourne, showed that while consistent condom use is generally high among female sex workers, other barriers remain to effective prevention of HIV transmission and to care for those who are HIV positive.

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AIDS 2014 HIV Treatment and Prevention Highlights [VIDEO]

Cal Cohen of the Community Research Initiative of New England sat down with HIVandHepstitis.com to offer his summary of some of the highlights of HIV treatment and prevention research presented at the 20th International AIDS Conference last month in Melbourne, Australia.

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