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UN Commits to More HIV Treatment, but Key Populations Are Excluded

United Nations member states last week agreed to new targets for getting more people with HIV on treatment by 2020 and ending the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030 at the UN General Assembly High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS. But a coalition of conservative countries was able to exclude civil society groups representing gay and transgender people and people who use drugs -- key affected populates that advocates say must be part of the conversation.

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Starting HIV Treatment at First Clinic Visit After Diagnosis Improves Outcomes

A South African program aimed at shortening the usual process of HIV diagnosis, counseling, and preparation for antiretroviral therapy (ART) led to more people initiating treatment and achieving viral suppression, according to findings from the RapIT study published in the May 10 edition of PLoS Medicine.

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American Gay Men's Use of Condoms Has Been Falling for a Decade

There has been a long-term decline in condom use by American gay men, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported in the May 5 online edition of AIDS. Similar declines have been seen among men whose sexual partners were of the same HIV status and among men who did not know their sexual partners’ status -- showing that the fall in condom use cannot be explained by sero-sorting or other sero-adaptive behaviors. Moreover, condom use began to fall long before pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) became available.

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Small Risk of HIV Sexual Transmission Persists Through First 6 Months of ART

A risk of HIV transmission to sexual partners persists for 6 months after the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART), investigators from a large prospective prevention study confirm in the online edition of the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.

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amfAR Announces New Round of HIV Cure Research Grants

This month amfAR, the Foundation for AIDS Research, announced that it has granted 7 awards for research on HIV persistence, the understanding of which could lead to new approaches to an HIV cure -- part of the organization's Countdown to a Cure for AIDS initiative.

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World Health Assembly Adopts Strategies for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, and STIs

The 194 member states participating in the 69th World Health Assembly, which governs the World Health Organization (WHO) in late May unanimously approved the adoption of WHO's draft global health sector strategies for management of HIV, viral hepatitis, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) through the year 2021.

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UNAIDS 90-90-90 Targets Could Prevent 2.5 Million HIV Deaths in South Africa

Achieving the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets for getting more people with HIV tested and on effective treatment in South Africa would cost nearly 16 billion dollars over 10 years, but could avert more than 2 million new HIV infections and prevent 2.5 million deaths, according to a mathematical model analysis published in the May 31 online edition of Annals on Internal Medicine.

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