Coinfection

AASLD 2013: Faldaprevir + Interferon/Ribavirin Leads to Early Sustained Response for HIV/HCV Coinfected

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The HCV protease inhibitor faldaprevir plus pegylated interferon and ribavirin improved 4-week sustained response rates for HIV positive people coinfected with genotype 1 hepatitis C in the STARTVerso4 trial, according to a poster presented at the 64th AASLD Liver Meeting last week in Washington, DC.

HIV/HCV coinfected people experience more rapid liver disease progression and do not respond as well to interferon-based therapy as patients with HCV alone. New direct-acting antiviral agents have the potential to improve response rates for coinfected individuals, but this population faces concerns regarding toxicities and drug-drug interactions with antiretroviral therapy (ART). While these new drugs will eventually be combined in all-oral regimens, they will initially be used as add-ons to pegylated interferon/ribavirin; some coinfected people with advanced liver disease cannot wait for interferon-free therapy.

Jürgen Rockstroh from the University of Bonnand colleagues evaluated Boehringer Ingelheim's faldaprevir (formerly BI 201335) plus pegylated interferon/ribavirin for HIV/HCV coinfected individuals who either were never treated for hepatitis C or relapsed after a prior course of interferon-based therapy. Faldaprevir has previously demonstrated good efficacy and tolerability in HIV-negative people, both in combination with pegylated interferon/ribavirin and in interferon-free regimens.

The Phase 3 STARTVerso4 trial (NCT01399619) enrolled 308 coinfected patients in Europe, North America, and Brazil. Most (81%) were men, 83% were white, and the average age was 47 years. About one-third had the favorable IL28B CC gene variant, 79% had harder-to-treat HCV subtype 1a, 14% had advanced liver fibrosis (stage F3), and 15% had compensated cirrhosis (stage F4). Just over three-quarters were HCV treatment-naive, while 22% were prior relapsers; this study did not include prior null responders, the most difficult-to-treat group.

Participants were either on stable antiretroviral therapy or had a high enough CD4 T-cell count that they did not yet need HIV treatment. At baseline 96% were on ART and the mean CD4 count was 537 cells/mm3. They were limited to using antiretrovirals shown not to have clinically relevant interactions with faldaprevir, though in some cases dose adjustments were needed. Nearly half took raltegravir (Isentress), 27% took efavirenz (Sustiva), and 22% took either ritonavir-boosted atazanavir (Reyataz) or darunavir (Prezista).

All participants in this open-label study received once-daily faldaprevir in combination with pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Pegasys) plus weight-based ribavirin. Those taking boosted atazanavir or darunavir used 120 mg faldaprevir while those taking efavirenz used 240 mg. Participant who were ART-naive or taking raltegravir were randomly assigned to receive either 120 or 240 mg.

Everyone receiving 120 mg faldaprevir stayed on triple therapy for 24 weeks. Those taking 240 mg were randomly assigned to take faldaprevir triple therapy for 12 or 24 weeks. According to a response-guided therapy algorithm, people who experienced "early treatment success" (HCV RNA <25 IU/mL at week 4 and undetectable at week 8) were randomized to either stop all drugs at 24 weeks or continue on pegylated interferon/ribavirin alone through week 48, as did all patients without early treatment success.

Results

o   72% for people treated with 120 mg faldaprevir for 24 weeks;

o   79% for those treated with 240 mg for 12 weeks;

o   84% for those treated with 240 mg for 24 weeks.

"In this large, Phase 3 study in patients coinfected with HIV and HCV genotype-1, faldaprevir + pegylated interferon/ribavirin was well tolerated and efficacious and did not have any impact on HIV RNA suppression by ART," the researchers concluded.

"These SVR4 results are encouraging given the difficult-to-treat population (79% genotype-1a, 15% cirrhosis, 82% high baseline HCV RNA, 66% IL28B non-CC), and suggest that faldaprevir + pegylated interferon/ribavirin may become an important option for the treatment of chronic HCV genotype-1 infection in patients coinfected with HIV with or without concomitant ART," they added.

11/13/13

Reference

JK Rockstroh, M Nelson, V Soriano, et al. STARTVerso 4 phase III trial of faldaprevir plus peg interferon alfa-2a and ribavirin (PR) in patients with HIV and HCV genotype 1 coinfection: end of treatment response. 64th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD 2013). Washington, DC, November 1-5, 2013. Abstract1099.