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AIDS 2016: Neglect of Infectious Disease in Prisons Highlighted at Conference

A special issue of The Lancet was published to coincide with the recent 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, containing a comprehensive seriesof reviews on the burden of HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and tuberculosis (TB) among prisoners worldwide.

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AIDS 2016: New WHO Algorithm Aims to Prevent TB Deaths in People with Advanced HIV

The World Health Organization (WHO) has released a new diagnostic algorithm to reduce the likelihood of seriously ill people with HIV dying of undiagnosed and untreated tuberculosis (TB). The algorithm was presented at a scientific workshop at the 21st International AIDS Conference last month in Durban.

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AIDS 2016: Does Detectable CMV Signal High Mortality Risk for Older People with HIV and TB?

A study conducted in a cohort of hospitalized adults with HIV-associated tuberculosis (TB) in Khayelitsha found that having a detectable cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load was associated with higher mortality within the first 12 weeks on TB treatment, according to Amy Ward from the University of Cape Town, who presented the findings at the 21st International AIDS Conference last month in Durban.

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AIDS 2016: High-Dose Rifampicin for TB May Improve Survival of HIV+ People with Low CD4 Counts

More aggressive tuberculosis (TB) treatment using a high dose of rifampicin, in addition to antiretroviral therapy (ART), could reduce mortality among people with HIV/TB coinfection who are severely immunocompromised, according to results from the 3-arm RAFA trial presented at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) last month in Durban.

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AIDS 2016: Training Community Health Workers Leads to Surge in TB Diagnoses in Malawi

An intervention using community health workers -- who normally provide case management support for HIV-positive pregnant women and their families -- to also provide intensified tuberculosis (TB) case finding was associated with a dramatic 20-fold increase in TB detection at a very busy antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinic in rural Malawi, according to a study presented at the 21st International AIDS Conference last week in Durban.

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