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Study Suggests HIV May Be Less Infectious than Assumed During Early Infection

The likelihood of HIV transmission during the acute phase of HIV infection may not be as high as previously estimated based on data from a retrospective cohort study in Rakai, Uganda, according to an analysis published in the March 17 edition of PLoS Medicine. If confirmed, these findings suggests that antiretroviral treatment as prevention (TasP) may be even more effective, as it would not be compromised as much by transmission occurring before partners with HIV are diagnosed and start therapy.

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CROI 2015: Circumcision is Reducing HIV Incidence in Uganda, Rakai Community Study Shows

The growing uptake of medical male circumcision by men in the Rakai district of Uganda is leading to a substantial reduction in HIV incidence among men in one of the districts worst affected by HIV, Xiangrong Kong of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health reported at the recent 2015 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle.

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CROI 2015: No HIV Transmissions from HIV+ Partners Seen in Australian Gay Couples Study

An Australia-based study of gay male couples of opposite HIV status (serodiscordant couples) has so far seen no transmissions from the HIV-positive partner within the couple in a 2-year interim analysis, researchers reported at the recent 2015 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle.

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CROI 2015: PEPFAR Abstinence and Faithfulness Funding Had No Impact on Sexual Behavior in Africa

Nearly $1.3 billion spent on U.S.-funded programs to promote abstinence and faithfulness had no significant impact on sexual behavior in 14 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, an analysis of sexual behavior data has shown. The preliminary findings were presented by Nathan Lo of Stanford University School of Medicine at the recent 2015 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle.

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CROI 2015: Combining PrEP and ART Could Nearly Eliminate HIV Infection

Giving both pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) to heterosexual couples where one partner has HIV (serodiscordant couples) can almost eliminate the chance of infection of the HIV negative partner, a study presented at the 2015 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) last week in Seattle has shown.

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