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H1N1 Swine Flu Update and CDC Interim Guidance for Clinicians Treating People with HIV

The novel H1N1 flu that originated in Mexico and first emerged in the U.S. 2 weeks ago continues to spread worldwide, but the severity of illness is less than initially feared, according to U.S. and international public health officials.

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FDA Will Require Additional Warnings for Over-the-Counter Painkillers, Including Acetaminophen, Aspirin, and Ibuprofen

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) this week told manufacturers of over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol and others), ibuprofen (Advil and others), and aspirin that they must re-write the warning statements on their products by April 29, 2009. The new warning labels must include information about the medications’ potential for causing liver damage and internal bleeding.alt

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Studies Shed Further Light on HPV Infection and Anal Cancer in HIV+ People

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which is common in both HIV positive and HIV negative people, can trigger abnormal cell proliferation. Some types cause warts, while certain "high-risk" types (e.g., 16, 18) can cause oral, genital, cervical, and anal cancer.

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U.S. Declares Public Health Emergency as Swine Flu Outbreak Spreads

On Sunday, April 26, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) declared a public health emergency related to a growing outbreak of a new strain of swine flu.

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Anal Cancer Risk Remains High among HIV Positive Men and Women on HAART: SUN Study

People with HIV/AIDS are at higher risk for precancerous cell changes due to "high risk" types of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. While invasive cervical cancer is uncommon in developed countries due to routine Pap smears, such screening is not yet recommended for anal cancer (though many experts believe it should be).

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Two-drug Combination Shows Effectiveness against Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in a Laboratory Study

Tuberculosis (TB) is an opportunistic infection in people with HIV. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) considers HIV-TB coinfection as an AIDS diagnosis, regardless of the stage of HIV infection. HIV-TB coinfected patients with resistance to currently available anti-TB drugs are difficult to treat successfully.

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Re-emergence of Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in HIV Positive People Is Due to Re-infection, Not Treatment Failure

Over the past 2 years, researchers have reported a growing number of cases of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) in people with HIV/AIDS.

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