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Hepatitis B

Updated Entecavir Label Expands Indication for Children with Hepatitis B

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) last week approved new label information for entecavir (Baraclude), a nucleoside analog used to treat chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The revised label expands the indication for pediatric use by children age 2 years and up.

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New Guidelines for Hepatitis B Screening

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force this week released updated guidelines for hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening for adults. The draft recommendations call for screening of high-risk individuals including people with HIV, gay men, people who inject drugs, and people from parts of the world where hepatitis B is common.

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CDC Updates Guidance for Hepatitis B Vaccination of Health-care Providers

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has published updated guidance for evaluating and ensuring protection against hepatitis B virus (HBV) for health-care workers, as well as post-exposure prophylaxis recommendations for those without adequate vaccine protection.

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Can Coffee Help Prevent Liver Fibrosis?

There is good evidence that coffee has a beneficial effect in people at risk for liver fibrosis and there are plausible biological mechanisms to explain why, according to an editorial in the January 27 advance online edition of Hepatology. However, the amount needed to see such an effect may be too high for many people to tolerate, they cautioned.

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Adding Pegylated Interferon to Antivirals for Hepatitis B May Lead to HBsAg Loss

Addition of pegylated interferon to nucleoside/nucleotide antivirals increases the likelihood of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) loss -- considered a cure -- in people with hepatitis B "e" antigen (HBeAg) negative chronic hepatitis B, according to a report in December 2013 edition of Journal of Clinical Virology.

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Chronic Hepatitis B Treatment Guidelines

CHB Treatment Guideline Navigator

Mark Sulkowski from Johns Hopkins and Tram Tran from Cedars Sinai Medical Center help readers understand and make decisions using current guidelines for treatment of people with chronic hepatitis B. This continuing medical education (CME) activity is available for free to all, with credit available for physicians and nurses.

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Hepatitis B and C Reduce Survival by More than 20 Years

People with chronic hepatitis B or C lived about 2 decades less on average than those who did not have these infections, and chronic viral hepatitis was the 15th leading cause of death in the U.S. in 2010, CDC researchers reported in the January 1, 2014, issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Monitoring Inactive Hepatitis B Is Cost-effective but Must Increase to Improve Survival

Lifelong monitoring of people with inactive hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may be cost-effective, according to a study in China published the December 19 advance online edition of Hepatology. Monitoring and treatment would have to be substantially expanded, however, to achieve significant reductions in liver cancer and hepatitis B-related mortality.

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AASLD 2013: Tenofovir for Hepatitis B Remains Safe and Effective Over 7 Years

Chronic hepatitis B patients treated with tenofovir (Viread) for 7 years continued to main viral suppression and liver enzyme normalization, while serological response rates continued to increase, according to a poster presented at the 64th AASLD Liver Meeting last month in Washington, DC. Long-term kidney and bone-related side effects remained uncommon.

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