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CROI 2014: Very Different Levels of PrEP Uptake and Adherence in 3 U.S. Cities

One of the first studies of open-label pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for at-risk gay men in 3 U.S. cities shows that although the proportion of those initially offered or seeking PrEP who ended up taking it was similar in all cities, the amount of interest differed substantially. The demonstration project also found substantial differences in adherence between the cities, possibly due to a younger population in one, but lower adherence was not associated with lower motivation to take PrEP.

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CROI 2014: Nipping HIV in the Bud -- Could We Use Genotyping to Interrupt Transmission?

The 21st Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2014) this month in Boston heard a number of presentations on phylogenetic analysis -- the use of genetic fingerprinting of HIV to trace patterns of transmission and prioritize groups for targeting prevention.

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Studies Shed Light on Sexual Transmission of HIV Among Young Gay Men

Young men who have sex with men tend to have higher HIV viral load compared with heterosexuals, contributing to a greater likelihood of transmission, according to a recent report. Another recent study offers more information on the risk of HIV transmission associated with specific sexual activities in the absence of antiretroviral treatment.

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CDC Reports Probable Case of HIV Transmission Linked to Lesbian Sex

A woman in Texas who reported no other risk factors appears to have contracted HIV through sex with a female partner who was not on antiretroviral therapy, according to a report in the March 14, 2014, edition of the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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San Francisco Forum Discusses Condomless Sex and HIV Prevention

A standing-room-only crowd packed the house at Magnet in San Francisco's Castro district on December 3 for a Real Talk discussion about condomless sex and HIV prevention. A panel of community members and medical experts considered questions such as: Why do gay and bisexual men have condom-free sex? Are community attitudes around condom use changing? and How do treatment as prevention and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) factor into the equation?

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