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IAS 2015: Indiana HIV Outbreak -- Lessons about Containing Local Outbreaks and Harm Reduction

An early 2015 outbreak of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in rural Indiana linked to injection of prescription opiates offers a good example to how to track and contain a localized outbreak, according to a pair of presentations at a late-breaking prevention research session at the 8th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment, and Prevention last month in Vancouver. Attendees at the session stressed that we already know how to prevent such outbreaks, and called for implementation of needle exchange programs and other proven-effective harm reduction measures.

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IAS 2015: Vancouver's HIV Treatment as Prevention Success Also Due to Harm Reduction

"We talk a lot about the success of treatment as prevention in Vancouver, but we always need to make sure people understand that this requires an integration of various approaches," Evan Wood of the University of British Columbia said last week in a plenary presentation at the 8th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention.

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Report Looks at Global State of Harm Reduction for People Who Inject Drugs

Harm Reduction International this month released the latest edition of its Global State of Harm Reduction report, mapping responses to drug-related HIV, hepatitis C, and tuberculosis epidemics around the world. The report looks at prevention interventions by region, including needle and syringe programs, opioid substitution therapy, harm reduction in prisons, overdose response, and access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) for people who inject drugs.

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HIV Risk Behavior Remains Common Among People Who Inject Drugs in U.S.

An analysis from the CDC's National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system found that 11% of injection drug users in 20 U.S. cities were HIV-positive in 2012, according to a report in the March 20 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. One-third of the interviewees reported sharing used injection equipment, putting them at risk for acquiring HIV and hepatitis B and C, while a majority reported sex without condoms.

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Hepatitis C Infections Fall after Harm Reduction Scale-up in Scotland

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence among people who inject drugs declined rapidly after national scale-up of harm reduction interventions such as syringe exchange in Scotland, according to a report published in the August 11 edition of PLoS ONE. Changes in HCV prevalence, however, are lagging behind.

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