- Category: HIV Treatment
- Published on Friday, 30 March 2012 00:00
- Written by Press Release
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) this week expanded the indication for Janssen's NNRTI etravirine (brand name Intelence) for use by treatment-experienced children (age 6-18 years) with drug-resistant HIV. The FDA also approved a new 25 mg scored tablet for easier use by pediatric patients, expected to be available in May.
Below is an edited excerpt from Janssen's press release describing the approval and relevant clinical studies. The full release, including important safety information, is available online. The FDA's announcement of changes to the product labeling is available here.
FDA Approves INTELENCE (etravirine) Tablets for Treatment-Experienced Pediatric Patients with HIV-1, Following Priority Review
Titusville, N.J. -- March 27, 2012 via PRNewswire -- Janssen Therapeutics, Division of Janssen Products, LP, announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved INTELENCE (etravirine) to be administered in combination with other antiretroviral (ARV) medications for treatment of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) in treatment-experienced pediatric patients (6 years to less than 18 years old) who are experiencing virologic failure with HIV-1 strains resistant to a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) and other ARVs.
This approval, which follows FDA priority review of the company's supplemental New Drug Application, expands the INTELENCE indication and makes it the only NNRTI indicated for this use in both treatment-experienced children and adults with resistance to an NNRTI and other ARVs. The approval includes a new 25 mg dose to allow for weight-based dosing in pediatric patients (6 years to less than 18 years old and weighing at least 16 kg or 35.2 lbs). The 25 mg tablet is expected to be available in the first half of May.
"This indication fulfills an important need in the U.S. among treatment-experienced young children and adolescents living with HIV," said David Anderson, MD, Medical Director at Janssen Therapeutics. "This approval also expands the treatment options INTELENCE offers, and reinforces our company's commitment to serving the diverse needs of the HIV treatment community."
INTELENCE should be taken orally following a meal. For patients unable to swallow INTELENCE tablets whole, the tablets may be dispersed in a glass of water. Once the tablets are dispersed in water, they can be added to other liquids such as milk or orange juice. The use of grapefruit juice, warm liquids or carbonated beverages should be avoided.
The approval is based on 24-week data from the PIANO (Pediatric trial with INTELENCE as an Active NNRTI Option) study, which evaluated the pharmacokinetics, safety, tolerability and efficacy of INTELENCE in combination with other ARVs in antiretroviral treatment-experienced pediatric patients 6 years to less than 18 years of age.
In January 2008, the FDA granted accelerated approval to INTELENCE for use in combination with other ARVs for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in treatment-experienced adult patients who have evidence of viral replication and HIV-1 strains resistant to an NNRTI and other antiretroviral agents. In November 2009, INTELENCE received traditional FDA approval based on 48-week data from the DUET 1 and DUET 2 studies.
In treatment-experienced adult and pediatric patients, the following points should be considered when initiating therapy with INTELENCE:
- Treatment history and resistance testing should guide the use of INTELENCE due to concerns for potential cross-resistance.
- In patients who have experienced virologic failure on an NNRTI-containing regimen, do not use INTELENCE in combination with only N[t]RTIs.
- The use of other active antiretroviral agents with INTELENCE is associated with an increased likelihood of treatment response.
- The safety and efficacy of INTELENCE have not been established in pediatric patients less than 6 years of age or in treatment-naive adult or pediatric patients.
INTELENCE does not cure HIV-1 infection or AIDS. You must stay on continuous HIV therapy to control HIV infection and decrease HIV-related illnesses.
About the PIANO Study
The 24-week data from the PIANO (Pediatric Trial with INTELENCE as an Active NNRTI Option) study was presented at the 2011 International AIDS Conference in Rome. The data were from a single-arm, Phase 2 trial evaluating the pharmacokinetics, safety, tolerability, and efficacy of INTELENCE in 101 antiretroviral treatment-experienced HIV-1 infected pediatric subjects 6 years to less than 18 years of age and weighing at least 35.2 lbs.
The study enrolled subjects on a stable but virologically failing antiretroviral treatment regimen, with a confirmed HIV-1 RNA plasma viral load greater than or equal to 500 copies/mL. Sensitivity of the virus to INTELENCE at screening was required. The median baseline plasma HIV-1 RNA was 3.9 log10 copies/mL, and the median baseline CD4 cell count was 385 x 10 to the sixth power cells per cubic millimeter.
At Week 24, the virologic response rate was evaluated in pediatric subjects receiving INTELENCE in combination with other antiretroviral agents. Virologic response was defined as achieving an undetectable viral load (less than 50 HIV 1 RNA copies/mL).
At Week 24, 52% of all pediatric subjects had an undetectable viral load less than 50 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL. The proportion of pediatric subjects with less than 400 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL was 67%. The mean CD4 cell count increase from baseline was 112 x 10 to the sixth power cells per cubic millimeter.
The frequency, type and severity of adverse drug reactions in pediatric subjects were comparable to those observed in adults, except for rash which was observed more frequently than in adults. Rash (greater than or equal to grade 2) occurred in 15% of pediatric subjects. Most often, rash was mild to moderate, of macular/papular type, and occurred in the second week of therapy. Rash was mostly self-limiting and generally resolved within 1 week on continued therapy. The discontinuation rate for rash was 4%. Rash occurred more commonly in females than males.
INTELENCE is a prescription HIV medicine that is used with other HIV medicines to treat HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection in adults and children 6 years of age and older. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). INTELENCE is a type of HIV medicine called a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), also known as a non-nuke.
INTELENCE must be taken in combination with other HIV medicines. INTELENCE is used in people who are already taking or have taken NNRTI and other HIV medicines and these medicines are not controlling their HIV infection.
The use of other medicines active against your HIV in combination with INTELENCE may increase the likelihood of your overall treatment response. If a non-nuke regimen has stopped working for you, INTELENCE should not be taken with only nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors, also known as nukes. Your healthcare professional will work with you to find the right combination of other HIV medicines.
It is important that you remain under the care of your healthcare professional during treatment with INTELENCE.
It is not known if INTELENCE is safe and effective in children less than 6 years of age.
INTELENCE does not cure HIV infection or AIDS. You must stay on continuous HIV therapy to control your HIV infection and decrease HIV-related illnesses.
Ask your healthcare professional if INTELENCE is right for you.
Please see full Product Information for more details, available at http://www.intelence-info.com/patient-and-product-information.
About Janssen Therapeutics
At Janssen, we are dedicated to addressing and solving some of the most important unmet medical needs of our time in HIV and other infectious diseases. Driven by our commitment to patients, we develop innovative products, services and healthcare solutions to help people throughout the world. Headquartered in Titusville, New Jersey, Janssen Therapeutics, Division of Janssen Products, LP, is one of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson. Visit www.JanssenTherapeutics.com for more information and follow us on Twitter at @JanssenUS.
Janssen Therapeutics. FDA Approves Intelence (etravirine) Tablets for Treatment-Experienced Pediatric Patients with HIV-1, Following Priority Review. Press release. March 27, 2012.
R Klein and K Struble, FDA. Intelence (etravirine): pediatric dosing recommendations and new scored 25 mg tablet for pediatric dosing. HIV/AIDS Update. March 26, 2012.