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CROI 2014: Maternal Deaths Due to HIV Not Declining Despite PMTCT Successes In South Africa

Improvements in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in South Africa are not translating into a reduction in maternal deaths due to HIV infection, according to a 15-year review of data from a large district referral hospital in Johannesburg, researchers reported at the 21st Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2014) last week in Boston. In particular, the audit found that there has been no change in the proportion of maternal deaths caused by HIV since 2007, and over three-quarters of women with HIV who died had never started antiretroviral therapy (ART).

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CROI 2014: Men Not Benefiting as Much as Women from HIV Treatment in Africa [VIDEO]

Scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has led to a much larger reduction in mortality for women than for men, according to a report presented at the 21st Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2014) this week in Boston.

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World AIDS Day: More Funding for HIV Cure, Global Fund, No One on ADAP Wait List

Acknowledging World AIDS Day on December 1, President Obama announced that the National Institutes of Health (NIH) would reallocate $100 million over the next 3 years towards HIV cure research and donate up to $5 billion to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. In other funding news, NASTAD announced last week that there are currently no people with HIV on AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) waiting lists.

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Antiretroviral Treatment Has Saved Nearly 3 Million Life-years in South Africa

Widespread use of effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) has led to "massive benefits" in hard-hit South Africa, saving an estimated 2.8 million life-years by 2012, and potentially up to 22 million years over the lifetime of treated individuals, according to a modeling study described in the December 3, 2013, advance edition of the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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UNAIDS Reports Progress Ahead of World AIDS Day

Sunday, December 1, is the 26th annual observance of World AIDS Day. In advance of the commemoration, UNAIDS issued its 2013 annual report, AIDS by the numbers, showing that most areas of the world have seen accelerated progress against the epidemic, but some are falling behind. The U.S. Congress last week passed the PEPFAR Stewardship and Oversight Act of 2013, extending international HIV/AIDS funding for another 5 years.

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