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AIDS 2016: Study Looks at Comprehensive HIV Treatment and Prevention Services for Sex Workers

A randomized trial of female sex workers in Zimbabwe, offering enhanced access to HIV treatment and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), has failed to show that the extra services helped reduce the proportion with detectable viral load, Frances Cowan reported at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) last week in Durban. However, it appears that the comprehensive set of sex worker-friendly services offered in the control arm may have already been enough to substantially improve the health of participants.

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AIDS 2016: Large Test-and-Treat Study Fails to Show Impact on New HIV Infections

The first major research study of "test and treat" as a public health intervention to report its final results -- ANRS 12249 -- has found that the strategy failed to reduce new HIV infections in the African communities where it was provided, according to a report at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) last week in Durban.

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CROI 2016: PopART Shows Feasibility of Reaching 90-90-90 HIV Testing and Treatment Targets

Early findings from the PopART study of the impact of a test-and-treat strategy on antiretroviral treatment coverage and HIV incidence show that after one round of household-based testing, linkage to care, and offer of immediate antiretroviral therapy, 90% of adults knew their HIV status and 71% of adults diagnosed with HIV were on treatment, according to preliminary findings presented at the recent Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2016) in Boston. The primary outcome of the study -- the impact of expanded treatment coverage on HIV incidence -- is expected to be reported in mid-2018.

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AIDS 2016: Progress Towards 90-90-90 Targets in Southern Africa -- Find the Men!

Studies of treatment cascade performance in South Africa and Namibia show large variations between districts and highlight the need for up-to-date information on performance to guide programming, advocacy, and funding, according to presentations at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) last week in Durban. In particular, the studies emphasized the low rates of HIV diagnosis among men in the region, and low rates of viral suppression, especially among men.

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CROI 2016: Botswana Close to Reaching 90-90-90 HIV Testing and Treatment Targets

Botswana is already close to reaching the 90-90-90 target for HIV testing, treatment, and viral suppression, and is ahead of the United States and most European countries in its efforts to improve treatment coverage, Tendani Gaolathe of the Botswana-Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership reported at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2016) this week in Boston.

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