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AIDS 2016: Infection Prophylaxis Reduces Risk of Death for People Starting HIV Treatment Late

A package of enhanced prophylaxis against infections significantly reduced the risk of death for adults and children with advanced HIV disease after starting antiretroviral treatment in a randomized study, James Hakim from the University of Zimbabwe reported at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) last month in Durban. Another analysis showed that intensifying treatment by adding raltegravir did not offer added benefits. 

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AIDS 2016: Reducing Clinic Visits Supports Retention in HIV Care, African Studies Show

Interventions which reduce the need for people with HIV to attend clinics are proving highly successful in retaining people in care and supporting adherence to HIV medication in southern Africa, according to reports presented at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) last month in Durban.

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AIDS 2016: Large Test-and-Treat Study Fails to Show Impact on New HIV Infections

The first major research study of "test and treat" as a public health intervention to report its final results -- ANRS 12249 -- has found that the strategy failed to reduce new HIV infections in the African communities where it was provided, according to a report at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) last week in Durban.

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AIDS 2016: Study Looks at Comprehensive HIV Treatment and Prevention Services for Sex Workers

A randomized trial of female sex workers in Zimbabwe, offering enhanced access to HIV treatment and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), has failed to show that the extra services helped reduce the proportion with detectable viral load, Frances Cowan reported at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) last week in Durban. However, it appears that the comprehensive set of sex worker-friendly services offered in the control arm may have already been enough to substantially improve the health of participants.

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AIDS 2016: Progress Towards 90-90-90 Targets in Southern Africa -- Find the Men!

Studies of treatment cascade performance in South Africa and Namibia show large variations between districts and highlight the need for up-to-date information on performance to guide programming, advocacy, and funding, according to presentations at the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) last week in Durban. In particular, the studies emphasized the low rates of HIV diagnosis among men in the region, and low rates of viral suppression, especially among men.

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