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AIDS 2014: Global ART Demand Projected to Reach 16.8 Million by 2016

The projected demand for antiretroviral therapy (ART) will increase to 16.8 million person-years by the end of 2016 in low- and middle-income countries, including 15.7 million person-years of adult and 1.1 million person-years of pediatric formulations, according to a study presented on behalf of the global ARV Forecasting Technical Working Group at the 20th International AIDS Conference(AIDS 2014) last month in Melbourne.

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UNAIDS Gap Report Finds Half of HIV+ People Worldwide Are Unaware of Status

Half of people living with HIV worldwide -- or approximately 19 million -- do not know they are infected, preventing them from receiving life-saving treatment and contributing to viral transmission, according to the latest UNAIDS Gap Report released in advance of the 20th International AIDS Conference last week in Melbourne. The report also outlines progress, including the 13 million people who had access to antiretroviral therapy at the end of 2013.

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CROI 2014: Men Not Benefiting as Much as Women from HIV Treatment in Africa [VIDEO]

Scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has led to a much larger reduction in mortality for women than for men, according to a report presented at the 21st Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2014) this week in Boston.

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CROI 2014: Maternal Deaths Due to HIV Not Declining Despite PMTCT Successes In South Africa

Improvements in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in South Africa are not translating into a reduction in maternal deaths due to HIV infection, according to a 15-year review of data from a large district referral hospital in Johannesburg, researchers reported at the 21st Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2014) last week in Boston. In particular, the audit found that there has been no change in the proportion of maternal deaths caused by HIV since 2007, and over three-quarters of women with HIV who died had never started antiretroviral therapy (ART).

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Antiretroviral Treatment Has Saved Nearly 3 Million Life-years in South Africa

Widespread use of effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) has led to "massive benefits" in hard-hit South Africa, saving an estimated 2.8 million life-years by 2012, and potentially up to 22 million years over the lifetime of treated individuals, according to a modeling study described in the December 3, 2013, advance edition of the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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