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HIVR4P 2016: Anal Sex May Transmit 4 in 10 HIV Infections Among High-Risk U.S. Women

A study presented at the HIV Research for Prevention conference this week in Chicago suggests that among women at high risk for HIV infection, 40% or more infections might be transmitted via anal intercourse. Because HIV is transmitted, according to different estimates, from 2 to 18 times more easily via anal than vaginal sex (the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's estimate is 12 times), anal intercourse could be a major -- or even predominant -- contributor to HIV infections in heterosexual women, even if anal sex accounts for only 5%-10% of all sex.

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Truvada PrEP Linked to Rare Case of Serious Kidney Disorder

Researchers in Southern California have identified the first known case of Fanconi syndrome, a type of serious kidney dysfunction, in an otherwise healthy man taking Truvada (tenofovir/emtricitabine) for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), according to a poster presented at the 18th International Workshop on Co-morbidities and Adverse Drug Reactions in HIV last month in New York City. This case underlines the importance of regular kidney function monitoring while on PrEP.

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AIDS 2016: NYC Clinic Outlines How to Improve PrEP Uptake by Transgender People

Dedicated efforts are needed to engage transgender men and women with clinical services and to encourage them to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), Asa Radix from the Callen-Lorde Community Health Center in New York said during a presentation at the recent 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban.

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AIDS 2016: How Can Clinical Services Engage Men Who Have Sex With Men in Africa?

Men who have sex with men (MSM) living in African countries have an extremely high burden of HIV, Stefan Baral of Johns Hopkins University reminded delegates at the recent 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) in Durban. But in situations often marked by widespread social disapproval of homosexual behavior, health services for MSM are few and far between.

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Nationwide PrEP Search Engine Debuts at U.S. Conference on AIDS

Emory University and partners have developed a new web-based directory of PrEP providers across the U.S., launching the project at the U.S. Conference on AIDS taking place this week in Hollywood, Florida. The search engine can be used to help people find physicians or clinics in their area that will prescribe Truvada (tenofovir/emtricitabine) for HIV prevention.

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