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CROI 2016: HIV in the Brain -- New Tools and Treatment Options to Keep Your Mind Beautiful

In the future, HIV-related neurocognitive disorder (HAND) may become less common because of the earlier use of antiretroviral therapy (ART), but neurological disease -- caused by a number of different factors -- will remain an important issue as people with HIV live longer, according to several presentations in a symposium called "A beautiful Mind, Keeping It," held at the annual Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2016) in Boston.

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CROI 2016: Tenofovir HIV Treatment Raises Risk of Broken Bones

Treatment containing tenofovir is associated with a higher risk of bone fractures in people living with HIV, but a single infusion of zoledronic acid -- a drug used in the treatment of osteoporosis -- can protect against bone loss, a pair of studies presented at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2016) this week in Boston show.

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EACS 2015: Risk of Heart Attack Rises with Length of HIV Infection, Regardless of Age

A decade after becoming infected, a person living with HIV has approximately twice the risk of heart attack compared to someone who has just acquired HIV, regardless of the age at which they seroconverted and after taking into account the effects of aging, according to an analysis of 18,468 people with HIV presented at the 15th European AIDS Conference in Barcelona last week. Stopping smoking, improving diet, and exercising are especially important for people living with HIV long-term, the researchers suggested.

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CROI 2016: Bone Density Recovers Quickly After Stopping Truvada PrEP

Bone mineral density recovers within 6 months after stopping pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) containing tenofovir, Robert Grant from the University of California at San Francisco reported on behalf of the iPrEx study at Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI 2016) this week in Boston.

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People with HIV Are at Higher Risk for Several Types of Cancer, Large Study Finds

People living with HIV remain at risk for AIDS-defining cancers in the era of effective antiretroviral therapy, and also have higher rates of several non-AIDS cancers than the general population, including lung, anal, and liver cancer, according to findings from a study of more than 86,000 HIV-positive people published in the October 6 Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Moderate Alcohol Consumption May Be More Harmful for People with HIV

People with HIV taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) had a higher likelihood of death and physiological harm at a lower level of alcohol consumption than HIV-negative individuals, according to a report published in the January 28 advance edition of Drug and Alcohol Dependence. This study "suggests the threshold for safe alcohol consumption is likely different for people with HIV," said lead author Amy Justice.

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Coverage of 2015 Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

HIVandHepatitis.com coverage of the 55th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC), San Diego, September 17-21, 2015.

Highlights of this year's conference include experimental antiretroviral drugs and treatment strategies, HIV prevention, and comorbidities among people with HIV and HIV/HCV coinfection.

Full listing by topic

ICAAC website

10/6/15

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EACS 2015: Does Low-level HIV Viral Load Raise the Risk of Disease Progression and Comorbidities?

HIV-positive people with detectable but low viral load -- in the range of 50 to 500 or 1000 copies/mL -- may continue to have a higher risk of AIDS-related events, but their likelihood of experiencing serious non-AIDS events including heart, liver, and kidney disease did not appear to increase, according to a pair of Italian studies presented at the 15th European AIDS Conference last month in Barcelona.

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IAS 2015: Bone Loss Slows, but Continues Long-term in HIV-positive People on Antiretroviral Therapy

People with HIV experienced a decrease in bone density at the hip and spine during their first 2 years after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). While bone loss slowed after 96 weeks, it continued to decline more rapidly among HIV-positive people compared with the usual age-related bone loss seen in HIV-negative people over 7 years, researchers reported at the recent 8th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention in Vancouver.

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